Anemia – Symptoms, Types, Causes & Prevention

Anemia can be categorized as a condition in which an individual doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) to carry adequate oxygen to the body’s organs. There are many forms of anemia, which could be temporary or long term. According to doctors, it could be the warning sign of severe illness or health condition. However, it can also be prevented by eating a healthy diet.

Anemia signs and symptoms –

  • Fatigue and persistent weakness
  • Yellowish skin
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • An irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain and headache
  • Shortness of breath

Different types of anemia –

  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Anemias associated with bone marrow disease
  • Hemolytic anemias
  • Sickle cell anemia

Do you know anemia is the most common blood disorder, affecting about a third of the global population?

Anemia causes –

  • Your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells
  • Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells
  • Your body destroys red blood cells

Since red blood cells contain haemoglobin, which is of much importance. RBC contains an iron-rich protein known as haemoglobin, which enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body.

In order to diagnose anemia, your doctor may ask you about your medical as well as family history, and recommend various physical exams and tests:

  • Complete blood count (CBC).
  • A test to identify the size and shape of your red blood cells.


  • Iron tablets for anemia
  • Iron supplements
  • Multivitamin

Doctors often recommend taking a vitamin-rich diet, iron tablets as well as other nutrient-rich diet to patients.

The bottom line

Treatments for anemia largely depend on the causes as well as severity. However, it is recommended that if you have prolonged fatigue or any other symptoms of anemia, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

About Vikas Singh

Vikas Singh has completed his MSc in biotechnology & MBA in healthcare management. He worked in the biotech industry for drug research, genomics and proteomics. As MBA he has worked with the healthcare industry. He is a certified lean six sigma green belts professional and specialised in the areas of Manufacturing, Quality, R&D, Compliance and Regulatory Affairs.

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