Pneumonia – Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options

As we all know that pneumonia is an infection in the lungs, which is often caused by bacterial or viral infections. According to some studies, different types of bacteria, viruses, or fungi may cause pneumonia. There are also a few non-infectious types of pneumonia, which are caused by inhaling certain matter or toxic substances.

Do you know Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type in adults?

Pneumonia is generally a common type of infection; however, in some cases it could be fatal. According to medical science, anyone of any age can be affected, but it is more seen in elderly people. It more often occurs when the immune system becomes weak. It also becomes severe with patients having other chronic medical conditions.

Pneumonia can be classified or characterized mainly in two ways –

  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)

It can also be classified into three types –

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Fungal pneumonia

In other words, it mainly depends on the type of bacteria, virus or fungus that causes lung infection. Some people believe that it is contagious; however, it must be noted that it depends on the type of bacteria, germs, organisms or virus.

What causes pneumonia?

A type of bacteria – Streptococcus pneumoniae, is the most common cause of pneumonia. Other bacteria types that can cause pneumonia include are Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophila pneumonia. Haemophilus influenzae is a type of bacteria that can cause pneumonia.

Symptoms and signs of pneumonia

  • Cough and vomiting
  • Chest pain while breathing
  • Labored breathing
  • Nausea
  • Coughing up mucus
  • Fever, chills, and fatigue

Treatment options (pneumonia medication)

Treatments often depend on the type as well as severity of your pneumonia, age and overall health condition. Doctors may recommend blood tests, chest x-ray, pulse oximetry, sputum test, etc. in order to provide the best possible pneumonia medication.

The bottom line

Today, there are many treatment options available; sometimes doctors recommend over-the-counter pain and fever-reducing medicines in order to handle the condition. However, if your symptoms are severe, you may need to be hospitalized.

About Vikas Singh

Vikas Singh has completed his MSc in biotechnology & MBA in healthcare management. He worked in the biotech industry for drug research, genomics and proteomics. As MBA he has worked with the healthcare industry. He is a certified lean six sigma green belts professional and specialised in the areas of Manufacturing, Quality, R&D, Compliance and Regulatory Affairs.

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